Transporting a long-reach excavator requires extra considerations due to the longer boom/stick assembly. Another important consideration is safety; the excavator must be transported to safety to ensure there is no damage to people or property in the process of transporting or loading and unloading the equipment from a transport trailer. There are a number of other important considerations when transporting a long-reach excavator, and we will discuss all of these details throughout the course of this article.
Selecting the Most Appropriate Transporting Vehicle
One of the first steps is choosing an adequate transport vehicle(s), which has enough capacity for the excavator and its attachments. Either a standard flatbed trailer or a “low-boy” flatbed trailer would be a suitable trailer type that can be used to transport a Long Reach Excavator.
Depending on the overall size of the Long Reach Excavator will help determine whether the entire Long Reach Excavator can be transported using a 1-trailer, or the Long Reach Boom/Stick Assembly must be detached from the excavator and transported on a 2nd trailer. The larger the excavator and greater the probability that 2-trailer/tractors must be used.
Proper Weight Distribution
Weight distribution and how the Long Reach Excavator is critical to safely transporting the excavator to the desired destination. The equipment must be positioned on the trailer in a manner that evenly distributes the overall weight of the load and the vehicle so that the maximum weight limitations per axle are not exceeded. If the overall maximum weight of the vehicle (tractor and trailer) exceeds either the maximum weight per axle or maximum vehicle weight of 80,000 lbs. a second trailer must be used to transport the entire load.
Loading and Unloading from the Transport Vehicle
Delivering the machine to the destination includes loading and unloading the Long Reach Excavator from the transport trailer(s). This is accomplished by using ramps that are specifically designed to support the weight of the Long Reach Excavator. Some low-boy trailers are designed so that the trailer can be disassembled into two main components; this allows the excavator to be removed from the front of the trailer, instead of the back of the trailer.
When transporting any heavy equipment it is important to take into account the overall size and height limits for the roads and highways specifically as it pertains to the exact route the diver will take to transport the excavator. The transportation regulations can vary from state to state or region to another. The transportation process begins with knowing the actual size and weight of the long reach excavator and then comparing that information to the transport regulations pertaining to the exact state(s) the transporting will occur. Securing the cargo onto the trailer(s) is another important consideration. All structures and components have to be fully secured according to the cargo securement rules.
When transporting the boom/stick, there are regulations by the state for oversized loads. The load should not extend off the front by more than 3-feet, 4-feet to the rear, and 4-inches to either side. It’s required to mark the oversize load accordingly with signs, lights, banners, and flags so that other drivers on the roadway recognize that load is being transported as an oversized load. Once the entire transporting vehicle exceeds the maximum height, width, length, and weight (80,000 lbs.) limitation the load must be considered an oversized load. Most, if not all states require permits when transporting loads that exceed the standard size and weight limitations. When choosing a transportation company to transport a Long Reach Excavator, make sure that the company you select is familiar with all pertinent regulations and can provide other services like providing an accompanying vehicle (pilot cars) if required.CAT Models 320, 336, and 349
CAT models 320, 336, and 349 are ideal excavators to be fitted with the HAWK Long Reach Upgrade package. Especially considering that the CAT 336 is the most popular excavator sold, and there are more of these models on job sites across the world than any other excavator model sold. HAWK also provides Long Reach Upgrade packages for other brands of excavators as well.